Currently, Einstein has a faculty foundation of almost two dozen NIH-funded stem cell investigators tackling some of the world’s most challenging diseases – including liver failure, cancer and heart disease. Einstein is a leading recipient of stem cell financing from NY State since its 2008 initiative to commit $600 million within the next 10 years to progress stem cell technology in the state . To day, Einstein researchers have obtained over $15 million in NYSTEM funding, including two new awards totaling over $1.4 million announced last month. The latest NYSTEM grants were awarded to Jayanta Roy-Chowdhury, M.B.B.S., professor of medicine and of genetics, and Ulrich Steidl, M.D., Ph.D., the Diane and Arthur B.With Rockefeller postdoctoral fellow Ilia Karatsoreos and University at Buffalo collaborators, McEwen designed experiments to check the effect of severe stress on operating memory. First, researchers educated rats in a maze until they could total it correctly 60 to 70 % of the time. When the rodents reached this known degree of accuracy for two days, half were subjected to a 20-minute forced swim – an acute stressor – and had been challenged with the maze once again. The stressed rats made fewer mistakes as they went through the maze both four hours following the swim and 1 day post-stress, compared to the nonstressed rats. Related StoriesStudy suggests a neural pathway by which early life tension may contribute to depressionEstradiol fluctuation may enhance emotional sensitivity to psychosocial tension during menopausal transitionScientists display how specific cells help each other survive under stressTo determine if the corticosterone neuropathway was responsible for the improved memory space, as proposed, experts injected one group of rats before the pressured swim with a medicinal substance that blocks the actions of the stress hormone, and injected another group with saline.